South America < Back

Countries

  • Argentina
  • Brazil
  • Bolivia
  • Chile Colombia
  • Ecuador
  • Peru
  • Uruguay
  • Venezuela

A trip to Latin America is exceptional by its very nature. Its joyful mellowness, its brightly coloured cities and the sheer beauty of its wide-open spaces are the main attractions of this post-colonial continent. Mexico is the land of the Maya. Historical remains and art of living await you from Cancun to Acapulco. Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, attract tourists in search of adventure and thrills. Brazil, Argentina and Chile brim with dynamism. Rio de Janeiro, Buenos Aires and Santiago are the bustling metropolises of countries with wide horizons and spectacular cities: the Amazon basin and Salvador de Bahia, the Andes and Valparaiso, Patagonia and Salta. Peru offers Inca sites (Cuzco, Machu Picchu) and scenic high plains.

Peru - Machu Picchu
Peru - Uros floating islands
Brazil, Rio de Janeiro Carnival parade
Brazil, Rio de Janeiro - Christ the Redeemer
Brazil, Rio de Janeiro Carnival
Brazil, Rio de Janeiro Carnival
Brazil, Rio de Janeiro - Ipanema beach
Brazil - Iguassu falls
Hotel Casa Andina Private Collection, Puno, Peru
Hotel Casa Andina Private Collection, Puno, Peru
Alpacas, Peru
Pisco Sour, Orient Express train Cusco to Matchu Pitcchu - Peru
Peru - Uros floating islands

Countries

  • Argentina
  • Brazil
  • Bolivia
  • Chile Colombia
  • Ecuador
  • Peru
  • Uruguay
  • Venezuela

Location and Geography:

  • It is home to the world’s highest waterfall, Angel Falls in Venezuela; the largest river (by volume), the Amazon River; the longest mountain range, the Andes (whose highest mountain is Aconcagua at 6,962 m [22,841 ft]); the driest place on earth, the Atacama Desert; the largest rainforest, the Amazon Rainforest; the highest capital city, La Paz, Bolivia; the highest commercially navigable lake in the world, Lake Titicaca
  • Brazil is, by far, the largest country in South America, encompassing around half of the continent’s land area and population. The remaining countries and territories are divided among three regions: The Andean States, the Guianas and the Southern Cone.
  • South America is home to many interesting and unique species of animals including the llama, anaconda, piranha, jaguar, vicuña, and tapir

South American countries and their currency:
  • Argentina – Argentine peso (ARS)
  • Bolivia – Bolivian boliviano (BOB)
  • Brazil – Brazilian real (BRL)
  • Chile – Chilean peso (CLP)
  • Colombia – Colombian peso (COP)
  • Ecuador – U.S. dollar (USD)
  • French Guiana – Euro (EUR)
  • Guyana – Guyanese dollar (GYD)
  • Paraguay – Paraguayan guaraní (PYG)
  • Peru – Peruvian nuevo sol (PEN)
  • Suriname – Surinamese dollar (SRD)
  • Uruguay – Uruguayan peso (UYU)
  • Venezuela – Venezuelan bolívar fuerte (VEF)
Languages:

Portuguese and Spanish are the most spoken languages in South America. Spanish is the official language of most countries, along with other native languages in some countries.

  • Portuguese is spoken in Brazil
  • Dutch is the official language of Suriname
  • English is the official language of Guyana and is also spoken in the Falkland Islands
  • French is the official language of French Guiana and the second language in Amapa (Brazil)
Visa and passports:

The regulation varies country by country. Please consult our Travel Resources for up to date informations.

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